Helen Keller leaps to mind, although she had sight until she was, what, two? Her work is non-fiction, though, and I haven’t read any of it.
(link) is a webpage on authors with vision loss. You’d have to look at each one to determine when sight was lost or if they ever had vision, as well as what type of work each wrote.
While poking around on this, I found a lovely story about police using forensic techniques to recover pages and pages of handwritten text penned by a blind woman who did not realize she was out of ink. See (link)